Business Associate Agreement
This BUSINESS ASSOCIATE AGREEMENT (this “BAA”) is made by and between Magnadoctors inc., a Delaware limited liability company, and any of its subsidiaries, divisions and affiliates (“Business Associate”), and Network Partner (Covered Entity”), and is effective as of the effective date appearing on the Network Partner agreement.(the “Effective Date”). Business Associate and Covered Entity are referred to herein collectively, as the “Parties” and individually, as a “Party.” Capitalized terms used in this BAA without definition shall have the respective meanings assigned to such terms in the Administrative Simplification section of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and their implementing regulations as amended from time to time (collectively, “HIPAA”).
1. WHEREAS, Business Associate provides certain products and services as further described in the Network Partner Subscription Agreement (the “Underlying Agreement”) (the “Services”) between the Parties, which may involve the creation, receipt, maintenance, access, transmission, Use, or Disclosure of PHI (as defined below) by Business Associate.
2. WHEREAS, Covered Entity and Business Associate agree to protect the privacy and provide for the security of PHI disclosed to Business Associate pursuant to the Underlying Agreement in accordance with applicable federal and state laws, to the extent that state laws are more restrictive, including, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”), as amended by the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (“HITECH”) provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, and Title I of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008, and any regulations promulgated thereunder, including the Privacy Rule, Security Rule, and Breach Notification Rule, as such laws and regulations may be amended from time to time (collectively, the “HIPAA Rules”).
3. WHEREAS, to comply with the HIPAA Rules, the Parties must enter into an agreement that governs the creation, receipt, maintenance, access, transmission, Use, and Disclosure of the PHI by Business Associate in the course of performing the Services in connection with the Underlying Agreement.
4. NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual promises and covenants contained herein and other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, Covered Entity and Business Associate agree as follows:
SECTION 1: DEFINITIONS
General Statement: The following terms used in this BAA will have the same meaning as those terms in the HIPAA Rules: Administrative Safeguards, Availability, Breach, Business Associate, Confidentiality, Covered Entity, Data Aggregation, Designated Record Set, Disclosure, Electronic Protected Health Information (“EPHI”), Health Care Operations, Individual, Individually Identifiable Health Information, Integrity, Minimum Necessary, Physical Safeguards, Protected Health Information (“PHI”), Required by Law, Secretary, Security Incident, Subcontractor, Technical Safeguards, Unsecured PHI, Uses and Disclosures, and Workforce. A change to the HIPAA Rules which modifies any defined term, or which alters the regulatory citation for the definition will be deemed incorporated into this BAA.
“Breach Notification Rule”means Part 2, Subtitle D of HITECH and Notification in the Case of Breach of Unsecured Protected Health Information at 45 C.F.R. Part 164 Subpart D.
“Privacy Rule”means the standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information at 45 C.F.R. Part 160 and Subparts A and E of Part 164.
“Security Rule”means the Security Standards for the Protection of Electronic Protected Health Information at 45 C.F.R. Part 160 and Subparts A and C of Part 164.
SECTION 2: SCOPE
This BAA is an addendum to, and is hereby incorporated into, the Underlying Agreement between Business Associate and Covered Entity, including any exhibits, addenda, or attachments incorporated therein (collectively, the “Underlying Agreement”) that provide for Business Associate’s creation, receipt, maintenance, access, transmission, Use, or Disclosure of PHI, in any form or medium, including EPHI. Capitalized terms used in this BAA that are not otherwise defined in this BAA have the meaning set forth in the Underlying Agreement.
SECTION 3: PERMITTED USES AND DISCLOSURES OF PHI
3.1 Uses and Disclosures of PHI Pursuant to the Underlying Agreement. Except as otherwise limited in this BAA, Business Associate may use or disclose PHI to perform functions, activities or services for, or on behalf of, Covered Entity, as specified in the Underlying Agreement, provided that such use or disclosure would not violate the Privacy Rule if done by Covered Entity.
3.2 Permitted Uses of PHI by Business Associate. Except as otherwise limited in this BAA, Business Associate may use PHI for the proper management and administration of Business Associate or to carry out the legal responsibilities of Business Associate. Business Associates’ management and administrative services includes performing data analyses on Covered Entity PHI and/or, aggregated data that includes or is derived from Covered Entity PHI.
3.3 Permitted Disclosures of PHI by Business Associate. Except as otherwise limited in this BAA, Business Associate may disclose PHI for the proper management and administration of Business Associate, provided that the disclosures are Required by Law, or Business Associate obtains reasonable assurances from the person to whom the information is disclosed that it will remain confidential and will be used or further disclosed only as Required by Law or for the purpose for which it was disclosed to such person (which purpose must be consistent with the limitations imposed upon Business Associate pursuant to this BAA), and that the person agrees to notify Business Associate of any instances of which it is aware in which the confidentiality of the information has been breached. Business Associate may disclose PHI to report violations of law to appropriate federal and state authorities, consistent with 45 C.F.R. § 164.502(j)(l).
3.4 Data Aggregation. Except as otherwise limited in this BAA, Business Associate may use PHI to provide Data Aggregation services for the Health Care Operation of the Covered Entity as permitted by 45 C.F.R. § 164.504(e)(2)(i)(B).
3.5 De-identified Data. Business Associate may de-identify PHI in accordance with the standards set forth in 45 C.F.R. § 164.514(b) and may use or disclose such de-identified data for any reason not prohibited by applicable law. Business Associate shall use a HIPAA-secure vendor who applies tokenization to de-identify data, and shall not obtain or otherwise have access to the codes or tokens that could re-identify such PHI.
SECTION 4: OBLIGATIONS OF BUSINESS ASSOCIATE
4.1 Appropriate Safeguards. Business Associate will use appropriate safeguards and will comply with the Security Rule with respect to Electronic PHI, to prevent use or disclosure of such information other than as provided for by the Underlying Agreement and this BAA. Except as expressly provided in the Underlying Agreement or this BAA, Business Associate will not assume any obligations of Covered Entity under the Privacy Rule. To the extent that Business Associate is to carry out any of Covered Entity’s obligations under the Privacy Rule as expressly provided in the Underlying Agreement or this BAA, Business Associate will comply with the requirements of the Privacy Rule that apply to Covered Entity in the performance of such obligations.
4.2 Reporting of Improper Use or Disclosure, Security Incident or Breach. Business Associate will report to Covered Entity any use or disclosure of PHI not permitted under this BAA, Breach of Unsecured PHI or any Security Incident, without unreasonable delay, and in any event no more than thirty (30) days following discovery; provided, however, that the Parties acknowledge and agree that this Section constitutes notice by Business Associate to Covered Entity of the ongoing existence and occurrence of attempted but Unsuccessful Security Incidents (as defined below).“Unsuccessful Security Incidents” will include, but not be limited to, pings and other broadcast attacks on Business Associate’s firewall, port scans, unsuccessful log-on attempts, denials of service and any combination of the above, so long as no such incident results in unauthorized access, use or disclosure of PHI. Business Associate’s notification to Covered Entity of a Breach will include: (i) the identification of each individual whose Unsecured PHI has been, or is reasonably believed by Business Associate to have been, accessed, acquired or disclosed during the Breach; and (ii) any particulars regarding the Breach that Covered Entity would need to include in its notification, as such particulars are identified in 45 C.F.R. § 164.404. A Security Incident, for the purpose of this Section 4.2, does not include attempted or successful unauthorized access, use, disclosure, modification, or destruction of information or interference with Business Associate’s corporate information system (“non-PHI Information System”), as defined by Business Associate’s internal policies and procedures.
4.3 Subcontractors. In accordance with 45 C.F.R. § 164.502(e)(1)(ii) and 45 C.F.R. § 164.308(b)(2), as applicable, Business Associate will enter into a written agreement with any Subcontractor that creates, receives, maintains or transmits PHI on behalf of Business Associate for services provided to Covered Entity, providing that the Subcontractor agrees to restrictions and conditions that are substantially similar to those that apply through this BAA to Business Associate with respect to such PHI.
4.4 Access to PHI. The Parties do not intend for Business Associate to maintain any PHI in a Designated Record Set for Covered Entity. To the extent Business Associate possesses PHI in a Designated Record Set, Business Associate agrees to make such information available to Covered Entity pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.524 and 42 U.S.C. § 17935(e) within ten (10) business days of Business Associate’s receipt of a written request from Covered Entity; provided, however, that Business Associate is not required to provide such access where the PHI contained in a Designated Record Set is duplicative of the PHI contained in a Designated Record Set possessed by Covered Entity. If an Individual makes a request for access pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.524 directly to Business Associate, or inquiries about his or her right to access, Business Associate will either forward such request to Covered Entity or direct the Individual to Covered Entity.
4.5 Amendment of PHI. The Parties do not intend for Business Associate to maintain any PHI in a Designated Record Set for Covered Entity. To the extent Business Associate possesses PHI in a Designated Record Set, Business Associate agrees to make such information available to Covered Entity for amendment pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.526 within twenty (20) business days of Business Associate’s receipt of a written request from Covered Entity. If an Individual submits a written request for amendment pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.526 directly to Business Associate, or inquiries about his or her right to amendment, Business Associate will either forward such request to Covered Entity or direct the Individual to Covered Entity.
4.6 Documentation of Disclosures. Business Associate agrees to document such disclosures of PHI and information related to such disclosures as would be required for Covered Entity to respond to a request by an Individual for an accounting of disclosures of PHI in accordance with 45 C.F.R. § 164.528. Business Associate will document, at a minimum, the following information (“Disclosure Information”): (a) the date of the disclosure; (b) the name and, if known, the address of the recipient of the PHI; (c) a brief description of the PHI disclosed; (d) the purpose of the disclosure that includes an explanation of the basis for such disclosure; and (e) any additional information required under the HITECH Act and any implementing regulations
4.7 Accounting of Disclosures. Business Associate agrees to provide to Covered Entity, within twenty (20) business days of Business Associate’s receipt of a written request from Covered Entity, information collected in accordance with Section 4.6 of this BAA, to permit Covered Entity to respond to a request by an Individual for an accounting of disclosures of PHI in accordance with 45 C.F.R. § 164.528 and 42 U.S.C. § 17935(c). If the Individual submits a written request for an accounting of disclosures of PHI pursuant to 45 C.F.R. § 164.528 directly to Business Associate, or inquiries about his or her right to an accounting, Business Associate will direct the Individual to Covered Entity.
4.8 Government Access to Records. Business Associate will make its internal practices, books and records relating to the use and disclosure of PHI received from or created or received by Business Associate on behalf of, Covered Entity available to the Secretary for purposes of the Secretary determining Covered Entity’s compliance with the Privacy Rule and the Security Rule.
4.9 Mitigation. To the extent reasonable and practicable, Business Associate will cooperate with Covered Entity’s efforts, at Business Associate’s expense, to mitigate a harmful effect that is known to Business Associate of a use of disclosure of PHI by Business Associate that is not permitted by this BAA. Business Associate shall reasonably cooperate with Covered Entity’s investigation, analysis, notification and mitigation activities, at Covered Entity’s expense, if it is determined that the source of the Breach or Security Incident is Covered Entity.
4.10 Minimum Necessary. Business Associate will request, use and disclose the minimum amount of PHI necessary to accomplish the purpose of the request, use or disclosure, in accordance with 45 C.F.R § 164.514(d), and any amendments thereto.
SECTION 5: OBLIGATIONS OF COVERED ENTITY
5.1 Notice of Privacy Practices. Covered Entity will notify Business Associate of any limitation(s) in its notice of privacy practices in accordance with 45 C.F.R § 164.520, to the extent that such limitation may affect Business Associate’s use or disclosure of PHI. Covered Entity will provide such notice no later than fifteen (15) days prior to the effective date of the limitation.
5.2 Notification of Changes Regarding Individual Permission. Covered Entity will obtain any consent or authorization that may be required by the Privacy Rule, or applicable state law, prior to furnishing Business Associate with PHI. Covered Entity will notify Business Associate of any changes in, or revocation of, permission by an Individual to use or disclose PHI, to the extent that such changes may affect Business Associate’s use or disclosure of PHI. Covered Entity will provide such notice no later than fifteen (15) days prior to the effective date of the change.
5.3 Notification of Restrictions to Use or Disclosure of PHI. Covered Entity will notify Business Associate of any restriction to the use or disclosure of PHI that Covered Entity has agreed to in accordance with 45 C.F.R § 164.522, to the extent that such restriction may affect Business Associate’s use or disclosure of PHI. Covered Entity will provide such notice no later than (15) days prior to the effective date of the restriction. If Business Associate reasonably believes that any restriction agreed to by Covered Entity pursuant to this Section may materially impair Business Associate’s ability to perform its obligations under the Underlying Agreement of this BAA, the Parties will mutually agree upon any necessary modification of Business Associate’s obligations under such agreements.
5.4 Permissible Requests by Covered Entity. Covered Entity will not request Business Associate to use or disclose PHI in any manner that would not be permissible under the Privacy Rule, the Security Rule or the HITECH Act if done by Covered Entity, except as permitted pursuant to the provisions of Sections 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 and 3.5 of this BAA.
5.5 Minimum Necessary Disclosure. The Covered Entity shall provide to Business Associate only the “minimum necessary” PHI (as described in 45 C.F.R. 164.502(b)) required for Business Associate to perform its obligations under the Underlying Agreement(s).
SECTION 6: TERM AND TERMINATION
6.1 Term. The term of this BAA will commence as of the Effective Date and will terminate upon the effective date of termination of the Underlying Agreement.
6.2 Termination for Cause. Upon either Party’s knowledge of a material breach by the other Party of this BAA, such Party may terminate this BAA immediately if cure is not possible. Otherwise, the non-breaching party will provide written notice to the breaching Party detailing the nature of the breach and providing an opportunity to cure the breach with thirty (30) business days. Upon the expiration of such thirty (30) day cure period, the non-breaching Party may terminate this BAA if the breaching party does not cure the breach or if cure is not possible. A Party’s option to have cured a material breach of this BAA will not be construed as a waiver of any other rights such Party has under this BAA, by operation of law, or in equity.
6.3 Effect of Termination
6.3.1 Except as provided in Section 6.3.2, upon termination of the Underlying Agreement or this BAA for any reason, Business Associate will return or destroy all PHI received from Covered Entity or created or received by Business Associate on behalf of Covered Entity, at Covered Entity’s expense, and will retain no copies of the PHI. This provision will apply to PHI that is in the possession of Subcontractors or agents of Business Associate.
6.3.2 If it is not feasible for Business Associate to return or destroy the PHI upon termination of this BAA (e.g., because Electronic PHI has been integrated into a database maintained by Business Associate and removal from the database is burdensome or impossible, or PHI has been aggregated with other PHI in a manner that makes it infeasible to extract PHI received from Covered Entity), Business Associate will: (a) extend the protections of this BAA to such PHI and (b) limit further uses and disclosures of such PHI to those purposes that make the return or destruction infeasible, for so long as Business Associate maintains such PHI.
SECTION 7: COOPERATION IN INVESTIGATIONS
The Parties acknowledge that certain breaches or violations of this BAA may result in litigation or investigations pursued by federal or state governmental authorities of the United States resulting in civil liability or criminal penalties. Each Party will cooperate in good faith in all respects with the other Party in connection with any request by a federal or state governmental authority for additional information and documents or any governmental investigation, complaint, action or other inquiry.
SECTION 8: GENERAL TERMS
8.1 Regulatory References. A reference in this BAA to a section of the HIPAA Rules, or the regulations issued thereunder, means the section or regulation as in effect or as amended, and for which compliance is required.
8.2 Amendment; Waiver. This BAA may be amended or supplemented only by a writing that refers explicitly to this BAA and that is signed by both Parties. The Parties agree to amend this BAA as required to comply with any changes in laws, rules or regulations that affect the privacy and security of PHI and the Business Associate’s duties under the Underlying Agreement or this BAA. No delay or failure of either Party to exercise any right or remedy available hereunder, at law or in equity, will act as a waiver of such right or remedy, and any waiver will not waive any subsequent right, obligation, or default.
8.3 Entire Agreement. This BAA, together with the Underlying Agreement, contain the entire understanding between the Parties hereto and will supersede any other oral or written agreements, discussions and understandings of every kind and nature, with respect to the subject matter hereof.
8.4 Order of Precedence. Any ambiguity in this BAA will be resolved to permit Business Associate to comply with the HIPAA Rules. If any express term of this BAA conflicts with the Underlying Agreement, then this BAA, if applicable, will control as to that term, but only to the extent of an express ambiguity. The Underlying Agreement will control in all other instances, including, without limitation, remedies, limitation of liability, limitation of remedies, warranties, disclaimer of warranties, governing law, venue, and relationship of the Parties.
8.5 No Third-Party Beneficiaries. Nothing express or implied in this BAA is intended to confer, nor will anything herein confer, upon any person other than Covered Entity, Business Associate, or their respective successors or permitted assigns, any rights, remedies, obligations or liabilities whatsoever.
8.6 Survival. The rights and obligations contained in Sections 4.2 (Reporting of Improper Use or Disclosure, Security Incident or Breach), 4.7 (Accounting of Disclosures), 4.8 (Government Access to Records), 4.9 (Mitigation), 6.3 (Effect of Termination), and 8 (General Terms) will survive the termination of this BAA.
8.7 Notices. All notices that either Party may desire or be required to give to the other will be in writing and will be delivered by overnight courier or by priority mail by a recognized express mail vendor to the other Party at the address set forth in the signature page or such other address as a Party may provide. Notice delivered by facsimile or e-mail will be confirmed by overnight courier or by priority mail.
8.8 Severability. If any provision of this BAA is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, void, or unenforceable, the remaining provisions hereof will continue in full force and effect.
8.9 Counterparts. This BAA may be executed in counterparts, each of which will be deemed an original, and all of which will constitute one binding agreement and may be delivered by electronic mail or fax.
8.10 Governing Law. This BAA is governed by, and will be construed in accordance with, the laws of the State that govern the Underlying Agreement. Any action relating to this BAA must be commenced within one year after the date upon which the cause of action accrued.
8.11 Assignment. Neither Party will assign this BAA without the prior written consent of the other Party, which will not be unreasonably withheld.